Project Sites

The project sites are two nature reserves and two national parks. These are especially protected nature areas in Latvia, and are included also in the European Union Network of Protected Areas NATURA 2000.

Project sites of LIFE Wetlands

Project sites of LIFE Wetlands

Slītere National Park (SNP) is especially protected nature area that is established to protect unique inter-dune complex, consisting of 150-180 dunes (in Latvian kangari), interspersed between narrow, wet depressions (in Latvian vigas). This unique area is formed 4-7 thousand years ago, when the Littorina Sea covered the territory of Latvia. The largest mire in SNP is Bažu Mire (2646 ha). Frequent rarities that could be found in the wet depressions are oblong-leaved sundew Drosera intermedia, fen orchid Liparis loeselii and rare moss species – Paludella squarrosa, Buxbaumia viridis, Dicranum viride, Drepanocladus vernicosus.

Gauja National Park (GNP) was established to protect the unique nature object, the ancient Gauja River Valley. The current Gauja Valley was formed by derogation of glacier about 12-13 thousand years ago. Almost all ecosystems typical to Latvia, i.e. forests, mires, rivers, lakes, and natural grasslands are common in the GNP. The largest mire in the area is the Sudas-Zviedru Mire (2575 ha) where raised bog habitats maintain rare plant species like deer grass Trichophorum cespitosum. In the other project site, Dāvida Springs by the riverside of Vaide River, rare and protected habitat Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) occupies area of 3 ha.

Ziemeļu Mires Nature Reserve was created for the protection of a large complex of mires. Part of the Nature Reserve is included in the North Livonian Transboundary Ramsar Site, which chronologically is the fifth protected area of its kind in the world. The area is important for rarities like dwarf birch Betula nana, Lady’s-slipper Cypripedium calceolus, moss Goblin gold Schistostega pennata, and birds white-fronted goose Anser albifrons, European golden plover Pluvialis apricaria, golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos.

Raunas Staburags Nature Reserve protects unique petrifying spring habitat with tufa formation that reaches up to 3.5 m in height and 17 m in width. The Nature Reserve is particularly important for rare bryophyte communities maintaining curled hook-moss Palustriella commutata, fern-leaved hook-moss Cratoneuron filicinum, endive pellia Pellia endiviifolia.